International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research 2017. 11(3):178-184.

Attitudes toward Telling the Truth to Cancer Patients in Iran: A Review Article
Ali Karimi Rosveh, Reza Nabi Amjad, Javad Karimi Rosveh, Davood Rasouli

Abstract


Background: Patientsgenerallyhave the right to be informed of their condition,but the debate over the issue of truth disclosure is still present. The attempt of this study is to review the approaches toward truth- telling to cancer patients in Iran.

Materials and Methods:  This study is a narrative review that included articles published in Iran on attitudes toward telling the truth to cancer patients. The present study extracted data from articles published in PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran, Iran Medex, Google Scholar, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology with key terms such as truth disclosure, breaking bad news, death awareness and disclosure of diagnosis without any time restriction.

Results: Totally, 21 articles including 14 in English and 7 in Persian were selected and reviewed. The results of the study have shown that although treatment team and caregivers are unwilling to disclose the truth to patients, they have a tendency to obtain more information about their disease.

Conclusion: As the incidence of cancer has increased worldwide, telling the truth to patients seeking more information about cancer disease would be inevitable, but more studies are required to provide scientific procedures based on evidence for truth disclosure, not the whole, to cancer patients.


Keywords


Telling the truth, Cancer patient, Breaking bad news, Review article, Iran

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