International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research 2017. 11(4):286-292.

The Use of Filgrastim in Patients with Hodgkin Lymphoma Receiving ABVD
Adam F. Binder, Sonia Rai, Amir Steinberg

Abstract


Background: There is conflicting data about the increased risk of pulmonary toxicity when granulocyte-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is given in combination with bleomycin. No clear consensus for management of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who require G-CSF support exists. Our objective was to evaluate whether there is an increase in pulmonary toxicity in patients who receive bleomycin and G-CSF during treatment for HL. 

Materials and Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis of patients with Hodgkin Lymphoma from January 2003 until July 2015. All patients who received at least 1 dose of bleomycin and followed at our institution were included. Patients were evaluated for pulmonary toxicity starting from the day of first dose of bleomycin until 1 year after initiation of bleomycin. Data on pre-identified risk factors for pulmonary toxicity were also collected.

Results: Fifty-four patients met inclusion criteria. Twenty-one patients received bleomycin alone, and 33 patients received bleomycin and G-CSF. There was no statistically significant (p = 0.50) difference in the development of pulmonary toxicity between the two groups. Crude hazard ratio for development of pulmonary toxicity in the bleomycin and G-CSF cohort was 1.58 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.41-6.12). On multivariate analysis, the hazard ratio for development of pulmonary toxicity was 1.71 (95% CI: 0.43-6.81).

Conclusion: This study does not find evidence that the combination of bleomycin and G-CSF increases the risk for bleomycin- induced pulmonary toxicity. We recommend G-CSF use in HL patients receiving bleomycin when needed to maintain dose intensity.



Keywords


Bleomycin, Granulocyte stimulating factor, Bleomycin induced-pulmonary injury, Hodgkin lymphoma, Treatment complications

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