Original Article

Serum Albumin Levels Strongly Predict Survival Outcome of Elderly Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated with Rituximab-Combined Chemotherapy


Background: In the current Japanese aging society, a high number of very elderly patients (age ranged from 80 to 93) with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, most frequent hematological malignancy), who require chemotherapy are encountered. However, standard chemotherapy can result in severe adverse effects in elderly patients. Although various scoring systems are available to assess frailty, they are too complicated to immediately make a therapeutic decision, and studies on indications for chemotherapy in elderly patients are few.

Materials and Methods: In the present study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 56 patients with DLBCL aged 80 or older who received R-CHOP or similar chemotherapy. Association of various clinical parameters, including performance status, stage, B symptom(s), laboratory data and relative dose intensity and survival outcomes was examined.

Results: Pretreatment serum albumin level was identified as the only factor that predicts overall and progression-free survivals.

Conclusion: We have concluded that very elderly DLBCL patients aged 80 or older with hypoalbuminemia may be unfit for standard chemotherapy, regardless of other factors. Alternative or palliative therapy should be considered for those patients.

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IssueVol 16, No 1 (2022) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/ijhoscr.v16i1.8433
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; Elderly; Rituximab combined cyclophosphamide; Doxorubicin; Vincristine and prednisolone (R-CHOP); Albumin

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How to Cite
Kaneko H, Shimura K, Yoshida M, Matsumoto Y, Kobayashi T, Uchiyama H, Kuroda J, Taniwaki M. Serum Albumin Levels Strongly Predict Survival Outcome of Elderly Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated with Rituximab-Combined Chemotherapy. Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res. 2022;16(1):1-8.