Review Article

The Question of Survival or Death: What Is the Role of Autophagy in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)?


Autophagy is an intracellular self-degradative process that delivers cytoplasmic constituents to the lysosome. Autophagy plays a critical role in balancing sources of energy in response to harsh conditions and nutrient deprivation. Autophagy allows cells to survive in harsh condition and also serve as a death mechanism. Any dysregulation in autophagy signaling may lead to several disorders. Autophagy has been proposed to explain chemotherapy resistance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This signaling pathway can either act as a tumor suppressive function or chemo-resistance mechanism. Conventional chemotherapy drugs enhance apoptosis and indicate clinical benefit, but in some cases, relapse and chemotherapy resistance are observed. In leukemia, autophagy may promote cell survival in response to chemotherapy drugs. Therefore, new strategies by inhibiting or activating autophagy may find a broad application for treating leukemia and may significantly enhance clinical outcomes. In this review, we discussed how dimensional role of autophagy in leukemia. 

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IssueVol 16, No 4 (2022) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Autophagy; Acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Cell survival; Chemoresistance

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Haghi A, Mohammadi Kian M, Salemi M, Eghdami MR, Nikbakht M. The Question of Survival or Death: What Is the Role of Autophagy in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)?. Int J Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Res. 2022;16(4):250-263.