Emotional, Social and Occupational Adjustment among Oncology Nurses
Background: Social, occupational and emotional adjustment of Oncology nurses were assessed and compared with other nurses in this study.
Subjects and Methods: One hundred nurses including Oncology nurses (n=50) and non-Oncology nurses (n=50) participated in cross-sectional study conducted in Shariati Hospital. Bell's Adjustment Inventory was used to measure social, emotional and occupational adjustment. Survey data were entered into SPSS statistical software, version 18 and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for data analysis.
Results: The study included nurses from Women’s Internal Medicine ward (14%), Men’s Internal Medicine ward (13%); Midwifery unit (17%), Operating room (15%) and Hematology-Oncology ward (41%). The mean age of the participants was 36.98 ± 8.28 years. In group of Hematology-Oncology nurses, the mean scores for occupational, social and emotional adjustment were 13.23 ± 1.99, 12.47 ± 1.79 and 18.19 ± 2.52, respectively. Data analysis showed that there is a statistically significant difference in the mean score of three areas of adjustment between Oncology nurses and their colleagues working in general wards (p-value=0.002, p-value<0.001, p-value<0.001 for occupational, social and emotional adjustment, respectively).
Conclusion: The results of the study indicated that Oncology nurses had significantly lower social, occupational and emotional adjustment compared with nurses working in other wards.
Kuusio H, Heponiemi T, Sinervo T, et al. Organizational commitment among general practitioners: a cross-sectional study of the role of psychosocial factors. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2010; 28(2):108-114.
Huang FF, Yang HH. The effects of nationality differences and work stressors on work adjustment for foreign nurse aides. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011; 11:192.
Iacovides A, Fountoulakis KN, Moysidou C, et al. Burnout in nursing staff: is there a relationship between depression and burnout? Int J Psychiatry Med. 1999; 29(4):421-33.
Kuerer HM, Eberlein TJ, Pollock RE, et al. Career satisfaction, practice patterns and burn out among surgical oncologists: Report on the quality of life of members of the society of surgical oncology. Ann Surg Oncol. 2007; 14(11): 3043-53.
Sherman DW, Haber J, Hoskins CN, et al. Differences in physical, emotional, and social adjustment of intimate, family, and nonfamily patient-partner dyads based on a breast cancer intervention study. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2009; 36(4):E185-97.
Weissman MM, Sholomskas D, John K. The assessment of social adjustment. An update. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1981; 38(11):1250-8.
Utriainen K, Kyngäs H. Hospital nurses' job satisfaction: a literature review. J Nurs Manag. 2009; 17(8):1002-10.
Coomber B, Barriball KL. Impact of job satisfaction components on intent to leave and turnover for hospital-based nurses: a review of the research literature. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007; 44(2):297-314.
Rastegari M, Khani A, Ghalriz P, et al. Evaluation of quality of working life and its association with job performance of the nurses. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2010; 15(4): 224–228.
Najimi A, Moazemi Goudarzi A, Sharifirad G. Causes of job stress in nurses: A cross-sectional study. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012; 17(4):301-05.
Adams A, Bond S. Hospital nurses' job satisfaction, individual and organizational characteristics. J Adv Nurs. 2000; 32(3):536-43.
Wennman-Larsen A, Persson C, Ostlund U, et al. Development in quality of relationship between the significant other and the lung cancer patients perceived by the significant other. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008; 12(5): 430-5.
De Carvalho EC, Muller M, de Carvalho PB, et al. Stress in the professional practice of oncology nurses.Cancer Nurs. 2005; 28(3):187-92.
Delvaux N, Razavi D, Marchal S, et al. Effects of 105 hours psychological training program on attitudes, communication skills and occupational stress in oncology: a randomised study. Br J Cancer. 2004; 90(1):106-14.
Amiresmaili M, Moosazadeh M. Determining job satisfaction of nurses working in hospitals of Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013; 18(5): 343–8.
Barrett L, Yates P. Oncology/haematology nurses: a study of job satisfaction, burnout, and intention to leave the specialty. Aust Health Rev. 2002; 25(3):109-21.
Hooper C, Craig J, Janvrin DR, et al. Compassion satisfaction, burnout, and compassion fatigue among emergency nurses compared with nurses in other selected inpatient specialties. J Emerg Nurs. 2010; 36(5):420-7.
Peters L, Cant R, Payne S, et al. How Death Anxiety Impacts Nurses’ Caring for Patients at the End of Life: A Review of Literature. Open Nurs J. 2013; 7: 14–21.
Barnes TC, Amoroso MD. Electroencephalograms correlated with scores of the Bell adjustment inventory for personality. Fed Proc. 1947; 6(1 Pt 2):75.
Dehestani M, Tarkhan M, Abbasi M, et al. Efficacy of integrating stress coping skills training with detoxification on social adjustment of addicted women. Addict H